An industrial robot consists of “manipulator” which moves and performs tasks, “controller” which actuates and controls the manipulator, and “programming pendant” which teaches the manipulator movement.

Recently, robots have expanded in appeal and presence in not only industrial but also other fields by advancing speed, accuracy improvement, response to complex movements, and strengthening of safety functions toward coexistence with humans. The development of robots actively participating in fields closer to humans will continue to advance in the future.

Robot Components

Number of Joints and Kinematic Computation of Robots